Today is Thursday, September 19, the 262nd day of 2013. There are 103 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1356 - The English under Edward, the Black Prince, defeat the French at Poitiers and take King John II prisoner.
1656 - English fleet under Robert Blake captures Spanish treasure ships off Cadiz, Spain.
1777 - Americans defeat a British force at the First Battle of Saratoga, a turning point in the American War of Independence.
1783 - At Versailles near Paris, the Montgolfier brothers send up the first balloon with live passengers: a sheep, a rooster, and a duck.
1870 - French surrender Versailles to Germans in Franco-Prussian War.
1881 - James A. Garfield, the 20th president of the United States, dies of wounds inflicted by an assassin.
1941 - Germans take Kiev in the Soviet Union.
1944 - Soviet Union and Finland sign peace treaty in Moscow, ending three-year war.
1951 - U.S. troops go to Maranhao State, northern Brazil, to prevent a civil war between Governor Eugenio de Barros' forces and his opponents led by Raimundo Bastos, who has a force of 12,000 insurgents.
1955 - Argentina's President Juan Peron is ousted after revolts by army and navy.
1959 - Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, on a visit to Los Angeles, reportedly becomes furious when informed that he can't visit Disneyland for security reasons.
1962 - China attacks Indian forces, seizing part of Kashmir after a three-week war.
1968 - Czech Foreign Minister Jiri Hajek resigns under Soviet pressure.
1972 - Israeli diplomat is killed and another injured when letter bomb explodes at Israeli embassy in London.
1978 - Egypt's Cabinet unanimously approves President Anwar Sadat's Camp David agreement to sign a peace treaty with Israel within three months.
1983 - Caribbean islands St. Kitts and Nevis become independent of Britain.
1984 - China and Great Britain announce their agreement to transfer Hong Kong to Chinese rule in 1997; A bomb kills 14 at U.S. Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon.
1985 - An earthquake under the Pacific coast shakes Mexico City, killing 10,000 people.
1989 - A French airliner blows up over Niger, killing 171 people. Libya is later blamed for the explosion.
1992 - Dr. Nigel Cox is convicted of attempted murder in Great Britain. He administered a fatal injection to an elderly patient who asked him to help her die.
1994 - U.S. troops peacefully enter Haiti to enforce the return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
1995 - An Iranian flight attendant hijacks a Kish Air Boeing 707 to Israel during a flight from Tehran. The plane is returned to Tehran with 174 passengers and crew.
1997 - A crowded passenger train collides with a freight train in west London, killing six people and injuring more than 170 others.
1999 - Foreign peacekeeping troops begin pouring into East Timor, experiencing no resistance from Indonesian troops or anti-independence militias.
2001 - Islamic clerics urge terrorist suspect Osama bin Laden to leave Afghanistan voluntarily, but set no deadline for him. The United States threatens to attack the Taliban, if they don't turn in bin Laden.
2002 - Israeli forces demolish 20 buildings and other structures in Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat's headquarters in the West Bank city of Ramallah after Palestinian suicide attacks kill seven Israelis.
2003 - Venezuela suspends oil shipments to the Dominican Republic because of a plot being hatched there to overthrow Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez. Venezuela had sold about 110,000 barrels of oil a day to the Dominican Republic, making up 70 percent of that country's oil supply.
2004 - Hu Jintao becomes the undisputed leader of China as the country completes its first orderly transfer of power in the communist era with the departure of former President Jiang Zemin.
2005 - A parliamentary commission announces that Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski and six other politicians should face a special court over allegations of abuse in dealing with a partly state-owned oil company.
2006 - Thailand's army commander stages a coup, ousting Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra while he is in New York, circling his offices with tanks, declaring martial law and revoking the constitution.
2007 - Anti-Syrian lawmaker Antoine Ghanem, who had returned to Lebanon two days earlier from refuge abroad, is killed along with six other people by a bomb that rocks a Christian neighborhood of Beirut.
2008 - China's food safety crisis widens after the industrial chemical melamine is found in milk produced by three of the country's leading dairy companies.
2009 - Russia says it will scrap a plan to deploy missiles near Poland since Washington has dumped a planned missile shield in Eastern Europe.
2010 - Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad says that "the future belongs to Iran," and challenges the United States to accept that his country has a major role in the world on the first day of his visit to the United States to attend the annual general assembly of the United Nations.
2011 - The Palestinians brush aside heated
Israeli objections and a promised U.S. veto Monday, vowing to submit a letter formally requesting full U.N. membership when Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas addresses the General Assembly.
2012 - Scholars question the much-publicized discovery by a Harvard University scholar that a 4th century fragment of papyrus provided the first evident that some early Christians believed Jesus was married.
France's King Henry III (1551-1589); Jean-Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French astronomer (1749-1822); George Cadbury, British chocolate manufacturer (1839-1922); William Golding, British writer and Nobel laureate (1911-1993); Jeremy Irons, English actor (1948--); Twiggy Lawson, British actress/former model (1949--); Trisha Yearwood, U.S. country singer (1964--); Jimmy Fallon, U.S. actor/comedian (1974--).
Thought For Today:
There is no such thing as conversation. It is an illusion. There are intersecting monologues, that is all — Dame Rebecca West, Irish-born novelist (1892-1983).
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An 80-year-old woman was killed in a two-vehicle crash in Suffolk, prompting investigators to shut down part of 460.
A tool kit prompted a suspicious package investigation at an FBI office in Newport News Saturday.
A Norfolk man was found dead Friday after an apparent hunting accident.